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|Number of Categories: 7|
|Publications||Subcategories: 11||Files: 204|
|The Publications Page contains full-text resources about a range of issues related to HIV/AIDS, STDs, and TB. They are ordered by their origin (within the ARC, national, or international). As this page accumulates resources, publications will be ordered by topic as well as geographic source. If you would like to suggest a publication for inclusion on this page, please use our Feedback Form.|
|ART Resources||Subcategories: 5||Files: 64|
|MARCH Resources||Subcategories: 3||Files: 87|
The MARCH model is a behavioral change communication approach that promotes behavioral change in support of HIV prevention, treatment and positive living. This theoretical approach is built around two components to achieve behavioral change: Modeling and Reinforcement component.
The modeling component encourages behavior change by providing credible characters with whom the audience can relate to. The characters are shown adopting new positive behaviors over time using Print Serial Dramas (PSD) in the form of Cartoon and Photo Comic Books.. This approach as well encourages behavior change in the form of increased use of counseling and testing, prevention of mother-to-child transmission, antiretroviral treatment and other services.
The reinforcement component enhances the effectiveness of the entertainment-education comic book through reflection, discussion, and other community level activities.
The MARCH Project is an innovative way of conveying the ABC (abstinence, be faithful, use condoms) HIV preventive messages through entertainment education and peer-to-peer learning to bring about behavior change among the police force and their families. MARCH promotes behaviors that reduce the risk of HIV infection, such as faithfulness, condom use and early detection and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to name a few, by using role models to demonstrate positive behavior change and reinforcement of the behaviors through activities such as peer discussion.
The MARCH project has three implementing partners, the National Defense Forces of Ethiopia (NDFE), the Federal Police Commission and the Addis Ababa University (AAU).
|PMTCT Resources||Subcategories: 8||Files: 18|
Of the 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide at the end of 2003, 2.5 million were children under 15 years old. Most of these infections (90%) occurred in sub-Saharan Africa. The most significant source of HIV infection in children and infants is transmission of HIV from mother-to-child during pregnancy, labour and delivery, or breastfeeding. According to UNICEF, in the absence of preventive measures, the risk of a baby acquiring the virus from an infected mother ranges from 15-25 per cent in industrialised countries and 25-35 per cent or higher in developing countries. Infants in Eastern and Southern Africa are particularly at risk as a consequence of high fertility rates and high infection rates among women of childbearing age. Some five per cent of HIV-exposed children are infected during pregnancy; about 15 per cent are infected at delivery; and approximately 10 per cent are infected through breastfeeding.
The sources of infection include maternal blood, placenta, amniotic fluid, cervicovaginal secretions, and breast-milk. The routes of entry vary from umbilical circulation, skin, and mucous membranes including gastrointestinal tract and respiratory tract, transplacental infection, microtransfusion, ascending infection through the vagina, or direct contact by the infant.
If your organization has produced materials for PMTCT purposes, we are happy to include them in digitized form on our website. Please let us know if you have anything to contribute.
Materials are organized by their purpose.
|Media||Subcategories: 6||Files: 75|
|HCT Resources||Subcategories: 9||Files: 41|
|This report assesses the progress made towards the 2015 MDG targets and puts forth the top priority actions needed to achieve and/or move beyond the targets, nearly 20 years after the WHO declared TB a global public health emergency.|
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